Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Origins Of Current U.s. Food Regulation - 1559 Words

The origins of current U.S. food regulation primarily date back more than 100 years to the Food and Drugs Act of 1906. Since then significant issues continue to exist and remain prevalent in the United States. In fact, Patrick Paul, member of the Natural Resources Environment professes that in 2011, THE CDCP (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) put a report issuing that an estimated, â€Å"more than forty-eight million Americans become sick from contaminated food every year, one hundred thousand people require hospitalization due to food contamination and three thousand die from food contamination.† (Paul, 2013) Much of today’s current food regulatory measures stem from the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) as Paul notes. In†¦show more content†¦The continued safety of America’s food supply should not ask and demand for much. Another paramount importance concerning food safety is how many U.S. rural communities within the last few decad es since the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. They have found themselves face-to-face with enormous industrial livestock factories which include farm and rural community associations and environmental organizations. Heather claims several these communities delve into fighting against the corporate livestock factories that include farms, community, associations, and environmental organizations. She studies how anti-factory farm battles primarily in the mid-west U.S. deal with underlying struggles against emerging opposing organizations who invest heavily in livestock productions. Heather mentions what livestock corporations forget to mention openly to the public, however, was dealing with cost revenue and a confinement of animal production and slaughter. â€Å"In Sullivan County, Missouri, as in hundreds of rural counties across the country, concentrated and vertically integrated swine production brought problems of unanticipated proportions. The â€Å"hog hotels,† (Williams, 370) The emerging struggle against corporate swine production remains an understudied but necessary political narrative in U.S. politics. The fight against farm factories again has expanded throughout timeShow MoreRelatedDeangles, M. (2015). National Electronic Health Record819 Words   |  4 PagesNetwork Regulation and Synchronization of National and State Privacy Laws Needed to Increase Efficiency and Reduce Costs in Healthcare. Journal Of Legal Medicine, 36(3/4), 413-419. doi:10.1080/01947648.2015.1262194 The article focuses on the privacy laws associated with electronic health records (EHRs) and need to increase efficiency and cost reduction in healthcare. It explains that the federal government should regulate a national network of EHRs to minimize waste associated with the current EHR frameworkRead MoreThe Challenges Of Equal Ness1615 Words   |  7 Pagesequal rights, to be fare. You then have the crisis of economics, food prices increasing and the difficulty in obtaining funds to feed ones family in certain developing countries. You also have the difficulty of gaining land to farm, women and men. But men can obtain credit to benefit the drought or the even leave to gain work in urban areas, but leaving women to suffer in what is identified as poverty, starvation. By 2050, food resources will have to become more available in order to feed an increasingRead More History and Laws behind the Federal Food and Drug Act of 19061232 Words   |  5 PagesHistory and Laws behind the Federal Food and Drug Act of 1906 As one of the primary federal consumer-protection laws in existence today, The Federal Food and Drug Act of 1906 was a law that had two primary goals for food and drugs: (a) forbid harmful ingredients and additions and (b) demand labeling of ingredients to inform consumers. According to Janssen (1981), it was hoped that the enactment of this law wouldRead MoreChina s Financial Outlay For Health Care Essay1353 Words   |  6 Pages1:3 in spending on health care between the world’s two largest economies. In terms of US dollars spent per capita, China spends $636 relative to the world’s highest health care spending figure of $9,086 in the U.S. (The Commonwealth Fund, 2016, p.7). With a population exceeding that of the U.S. by over a billion people (The Commonwealth Fund, 2016, p.7), the quality of care provided to a significant portion of the world’s people can be called into question. As a consequence of the disparity in overallRead MoreCase Study : American Auto Industry1064 Words   |  5 Pagescompany is growing in its financial capital for massive production, research and development, creativity and innovative to contend competitors in the current market. Some companies set a huge amount of fund for research alone which will see them in mobilizing the trend in the environment.Considering the effect of emission and the Government regulation to mitigate this, the advent of other source of power to creates a non-carbon dioxide fuel to powered the engine. Not that the Government policy hasRead MoreEssay On Current Events In Nepal1650 Words   |  7 Pages Some of the major current events the Nepali are dealing with include the always volatile weather, which can cause drought or famine depending on the timing, as well as the formation of a solid political foundation. After large scale elections which are supposed to take place before the new year, Nepal’s constitution will allow for a return to elected prime ministers after a ten year period of control by Maoist insurgents ended in 2006 (The World Factbook). The current events that most obviouslyRead MoreThe Heart Of Atlanta Motel V United States1273 Words   |  6 Pagessensitive case during the 60’s with uprising of racial equality separation. Under commerce clause with Title II of the 1964 Civil Rights Act shows congress didn’t unconstitutionally exceeded its power. The civil rights act of 1875 was a generic regulation that didn’t help race relations in the US against minority rights and race relations. White individual took advantage over black’s perpetuated inferior accommodations, entitlement, and services. The owner ignored the federal commerce clause andRead More The Great Recession of 2007: Job Discrimination in the United States1403 Words   |  6 Pagesthe recession of 2007, was the longest recession since the Great Depression (Homan Matthew s , 2008). With inflation occurring and the housing market in shambles, Americans struggled to live during this horrific period in U.S. history. Millions of Americans are out of work, and U.S. companies are hesitant to hire employees. Lawmakers change financial policies to provide recovery to the country. The financial bailout is used to aid banks and states to build infrastructure. The Federal Reserve is printingRead MorePersuasive Essay On Illegal Immigration1459 Words   |  6 Pagesthe rather lengthy application process to receive a visa or green card. Any foreigner living within the United States who does not possess such a legal document is considered an illegal immigrant, and, by law, should be deported to his country of origin. Also, as the United States has no tolerance for illegal immigration, any individual found illegally crossing the borders is also immediately deported. An illegal immigrants is not someone whom may be a threat or a burden to society. The governmentRead MoreEssay on Food Sustainability1216 Words   |  5 PagesIn food service it is important to realize and address hot button issues within the industry to begin to understand what the target market wants, increase revenue and decrease cost centers. In researching the increasingly pressing issue of food sustainability in global food service it was discovered that implementations are initially expensive and require large amounts of dedication but are ultimately huge factors in increasing brand loyalty and recognition and gaining popularity within the â€Å"green†

Friday, December 20, 2019

Debate on School Uniforms - 1191 Words

However, most public schools are turning to something more casual and more acceptable to parents and students: khakis or jeans and knit shirts of varying colors. The latter appear to be more affordable too because they can be used outside of school. Many school districts that have implemented school uniforms have provided some sort of financial assistance for families that can not afford the extra expense. 2. Potential Benefits of School Uniforms • Decreasing violence and theft because of clothing and shoes • Instilling discipline among students • Reducing need for administrators and teachers to be clothes police (for example, determining whether shorts are too short, etc.) • Reducing distractions for students • Instilling a†¦show more content†¦Students are made to feel as if they are a part of a team by wearing a uniform. School climate is improved considerably because kids perceive that they fit in because they look like everybody else If students were dressed in uniforms, there would also not be the distraction of revealing clothing that often appears in the hallways of our public schools Too many students are preoccupied with how they look and what they wear, rather than their studies. Schools have become a stage for the latest fashion parade, deflecting away the attention from learning and achieving educational goals School uniforms can create a sense of togetherness in a school building. The gap between the haves and the have-nots is narrowed due to uniforms School uniforms can be purchased at one-third the cost of most school outfits that are purchased in department stores. Three school uniforms can be purchased for under a hundred dollars. Uniforms promote a down to business atmosphere because kids view them as work clothes rather than play clothes. I dont really think that theyre going to act better because of what youre wearing. Youre still the same person inside. Youre just wearing something different. Economic distinctions are part of the fabric of our society, and they will not be unraveled by covering them with a uniform. Critics of school uniforms also say that growing up through the adolescent years and experimenting with clothing is a normal,Show MoreRelated The School Uniform Debate Essay903 Words   |  4 PagesThe requirement of school uniforms in our public schools is a big issue in our community. Among our teachers, parents, and students, everyone has a different opinion. School uniforms will help solve many issues inside and outside our school walls. For the students, uniforms will help eliminate the everyday worries of trying to fit in with other students, parents will not have to deal with the financial stress of buying fashionable and expensive clothes, and teachers will have a better advantage withRead MoreSchool Uniform Debate Essay519 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"School Uniforms: Yes, or No† The concept of having school uniform is a topic that has been debated fir any years. Some students find uniforms necessary, others just hate the colors. I think that the students who think uniforms are unnecessary are wrong. Uniforms are an excellent idea and can help school students be more disciplined, have an equal environment, and enjoy greater academics. School uniforms are a great way to maintain a level of social equality. There are more positive effectsRead MoreThe Debate over School Uniforms1277 Words   |  6 PagesAfter several not-so-great experiences I have had in the school district, I think I have come up with a long-term solution to increasing amounts of disrespect and subordination both among the students and the faculty. I grew up in a parochial school in New York City. In St. Andrews we had to wear school uniforms. The memories of my childhood arent filled with unforgivable actions towards me, and people picking on each other about what clothes they are wea ring. The most trouble I ever rememberRead MoreEssay on The Debate Over School Uniforms660 Words   |  3 PagesThe Debate Over School Uniforms Context In some countries, e.g. Britain and many Caribbean states, it is common for school pupils to have to wear distinctive uniforms identifying them with a particular institution, especially to the end of compulsory education at 16. In others, e.g. France, the USA, it is rare for uniforms to be worn, although some private schools may retain them. In both situations the desirability of school uniforms remains controversial amongRead MoreThe Debate over the Implementation of School Uniform Policies in our Schools:743 Words   |  3 Pagesthe years, there have been many debates over the implementation of school uniform policies in our schools. Opinions are formed about the appearance of uniforms powerful effects on the way in which a student should dress. This significant role of attire relates to how students could relay a message to themselves and others. In addition, uniforms are one of the most serious administrative concerns in our public school system. I strongly favor the fact that school uniforms are perfect because they assistRead MoreSchool Uniforms Have the Potential to Resolve Student Stress760 Words   |  3 PagesCalifornia, high school students are faced with the daily challenge of figuring out what they will wear to school the following day. As simple as this may sound, it does produce a lot of anxiety and stress among teenagers. Some students stress over the fact that they have a limited wardrobe, while others worry about being judged by their peers for their fashion choices. The problem of students having too much stress has the potential of becoming a serious health problem among high school students. ItRead MoreSchool Uniforms Improve Childrens Safety Essay528 Words   |  3 PagesSince school uniforms have become more and more common in the United States, there has been one issue that many, of the parents and students are worried about. Many believe the children will not have the ability to express themselves freely. The First Amendment guarantees our right to free expression. This means that students do not leave their First Amendment rights outside the schoolhouse door, but their opinions can be limited to prevent major disruptions to classes and outside activities.Read MorePros and Cons School Uniform1515 Words   |  7 PagesPros and Cons of School Uniforms Trina Warren Liberty University Professor Mink GRST 500/501 June 17, 2013 Abstract The decision for school district to enforce school uniforms has been in existence since the 16th century. School uniforms were originally created for poor children; however, over time, schools saw uniforms as a way to bring students together. There has been debate whether uniforms improve academic success while reducing affiliation of violence. There is opinion and study thatRead MoreUniforms are One Less Distraction696 Words   |  3 Pagesseem to have very little to do with learning, but as the saying goes, â€Å"The clothes make the man,† or in this case â€Å"The clothes makes the student†Ã¢â‚¬â€ school uniform policies seemed to have made the difference in many schools throughout the world. Over the last decade, the implementation of such policy has been on the rise, bringing about waves of debate among students, parents and teachers. Today, more than ever before, the role of a teacher has become much more complex. Most assume responsibilitiesRead MoreThe Imp lementation Of School Uniforms1243 Words   |  5 Pagesdebated upon is the implementation of school uniforms. In the United States, school uniforms have become more and more widespread. Although, some schools disagree with the requirement of a school uniform and decide to require a school dress code instead. The pros and cons of a school uniform are very controversial. Deciding whether a school uniform should be implemented is not a black and white issue. Arguments to support school uniforms state that school uniforms create an altogether better environment

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Accountable Care Organization Sample Essay - Click to Get Solution

Questions: 1. What is an accountable care organization (ACO)? 2. What makes Oregon unique in its approach to Coordinated Care Organization? 3. Why are states experimenting with different models of integrated care? 4. Are ACOs a viable model to reduce the rate of growth in per-capita Medicaid spending? Why or why not? Answers: 1. Accountable care organization- ACO refers to an organization of healthcare which is characterized by the payment as well as care delivery replica that seeks towards tying the provider compensation to quality and excellence metrics plus also reductions within the total cost which is calculated for the care of the allocated populace of the sufferers. A set of the synchronized and integrated health care suppliers makes the ACO, that later supplies proper care to the set of sufferers. The ACO also might utilize a varied choice of the payment replicas like capitation and fee intended for service along with the asymmetric otherwise also symmetric distributed reserves and many more. ACO also is responsible to the patients as well as third-party that pays and also intended for the quality, suitability plus the competence of the health care supplied. As per the organizations intended for the Medicare plus Medicaid activities, any ACO also is referred to "the organization for the care for health suppliers that also concurs to become responsible for the quality, cost, as well as total care of the recipient who also are actually enrolled within customary fee-for-examine agenda who even are permitted and allotted for it (McCarthy, 2013). Responsible Care Organizations (ACOs) also are sais as groups of the doctors, hospitals, plus also some other providers of health care, who even come all together voluntarily towards giving the coordinated as well as care of higher quality to all of their patients. The main aim and goal of the coordinated care actually is all about ensuring that the patients, especially chronically ill, attain right care at and that too on right time, at the time of avoiding any unnecessary repetition of the services plus even preventing the medical errors. 2. Uniqueness of Oregon: Oregon is unique as it together caters and delivers care and services extra affectionately and lovingly. The organizations CCO is sole organism and a community as well as an integrated set and collection of proper care plus services which also prevents the illness and even promotes as well as restores the health in each of its meanings like physical and social and even behavioral. The Oregon is even a set and group of the members who in reality actively get engaged to best of what is their abilities because they know that without the individual responsibility ultimately there cannot be any appropriate care of the health (Kirk, 1991). The organization well understands about the fact that it always is better to put off the illness rather than to later treat it, and is always a more acceptable way to remain on the pinnacle of the chronic situations and even a far better way is to supply people with things they actually require to properly attain appropriate care of all of them. The organization even counts as it partners any plus all the organizations which also helps the members of Oregon, whether through contract otherwise through mission. And this also helps to extend a lot and far beyond provision of the care, to basic requirements that everyone has and also are in reality entitled to such as education, safety, housing, employment and many more. The main mission of the organization makes it unique as it relates to development of an integrated community for the health system which would help it to achieve something better. 3. Why states experiment different models: States actually have varied options for creation of the programs which also integrate as well as improve care intended for dually entitled populace, comprising of the financial alignment and all its demonstrations and also dual eligible special requirement plan platforms and health homes as well as responsible care firms, and even managed long-run services as well as support programs.In reality each and every state on individual basis needs to determine the changes, and even requires to be capable of existing and bringing in the Medicaid waiver otherwise demonstration programs for complementing implementation of all such models. The states have different models for integrated care because in reality one model otherwise replica does not suit all situations and does not goes in within every ecology (Kitzhaber, 1989). Integrated and cooperated health service could also refer to the multi-purpose and multi faceted service supply points like a variety of services intended for the catchmen t populace which is provided at single location as well as under single manager. Some instances are the multi-purpose clinics and also multi-purpose outlets for diagnosis. The models are not all integrated and some a left separate as they actually need to be recognized individually for supplying extra appropriate service to the patients. Such dissimilar models help organizations and states to avoid confusion and thereby make the healthcare easy and less difficult for the organizations. 4. ACOs are viable: ACOs actually share along with the Medicare savings that are generated from the lowering growth within the health care prices while they actually convene the benchmarks intended for the higher excellence care.Medicare ACOs also continue to enhance and improve significantly upon total quality scores. ACOs have been always capable to obtain higher performance as compared to the quality benchmarks as well as better performance comparable to Medicare which is fee-for-service upon the measures along with data, like colorectal screening and tobacco cessation, as well as depression screening. The ACOs are even just a way which organizations is working towards reducing the growth rate in the Medicare spending at the same time improving the care. Expenditure on Medicare per recipient also was fundamentally even within ostensible dollars within the year 2014, as well as from the year 2010 till 2014, the Medicare expenditure as per the recipient enhanced at the velocity which was some 2% points every year lower than the enlargement within the GDP. While current slow cost development has multiple reasons, the reforms in Medicare as well as Medicaid programs also are meaningful providers to all these attains and also are improving and enhancing the quality also (Maust, Oslin Marcus, 2013). In a nutshell here are all the facts and details related to the healthcare and the total detail regarding the Oregon health share and also integrated models of healthcare that every state has. It also lays down facts regarding the healthcare and replicas related to the same. References Kirk, E. (1991). Oregon revises health care priorities. BMJ, 302(6783), 1020-1020. doi:10.1136/bmj.302.6783.1020-a Kitzhaber, J. (1989). THE OREGON HEALTH INITIATIVE. The Lancet, 334(8654), 106. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(89)90346-2 Maust, D., Oslin, D., Marcus, S. (2013). Mental Health Care in the Accountable Care Organization. PS, 64(9), 908-910. doi:10.1176/ McCarthy, M. (2013). Accountable care organization program cuts costs and improves care, report says. BMJ, 347(jul19 1), f4634-f4634. doi:10.1136/bmj.f4634

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Cancer is Considered as the Manifestation Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Cancer is Considered as the Manifestation ? Answer: Introduction Cancer is considered as the manifestation of a chronic stressor that distresses the quality of life of the victims. The diagnosis with breast cancer detrimentally influences different dimensions of life, including the physical, psychological, spiritual, and social dimensions, prompting long-term impressions on the quality of life. This disease diagnosis frequently is accompanied by distress and disturbing thoughts which can lead to emotional and psychological jeopardies. Coping with breast cancer has been described as being physically and emotionally challenging. A woman like Mary has to cope with all these complications and has to adjust with her new life altering event. Emotional responses seem to dominate various aspects of life. Different emotional responses can be triggered by the cancer diagnosis. In this circumstances, a woman is likely to endure shocks and disbelief as the primary emotional responses, subsequently with a phase of suffering considered as aggregated result of depression, anxiety, and anger (Morse, Pooler, Vann-Ward, Maddox, Olausson Roche-Dean Martz, 2014). It is normal for breast cancer victims to develop a sense of guilt that their families have to experience so much distresses. Like Mary, any mother might get frightened for the future of her kids and might get more emotionally affected than other breast cancer patients. In a case like Marys, the infants are totally dependable on their mother. After the disease diagnosis, a woman may not be able to provide optimum care to her children which can cause emotional stress. A woman may also endure persistence feelings of hopelessness, lack of interest, over-consciousness about the body image, self-loathing and frustration. The emotional responses are considered detrimental to the patient's health but they are actually typical in association to malignancy diagnosis(Tamagawa, et al., 2013). This emotional state of distress about cancer diagnosis and the life altering events it brings might actually help patients to cope. Cognitive responses are associated with psychological trauma due to cancer diagnosis. As described by Wang, et al. (2014), patient's cognitive responses towards her stressful situation usually embrace persistent uncertainties, confusion, negative feelings and damaging outlook, amnesia, difficulty inattentiveness and cognitive sluggishness. Cognitive responsesalso frequently consist of mental tremor, cognitive impairments, denial about the reality, sleep disturbance, low self-esteem, incompetence, reconsideration about life and worries about mortality etc. Cognitive responses of a patient after the disease diagnosis have been found to be associated with anxiety and alterations in a way that higher the deceptive level of threat, the inferior the level of health outcome and higher the level of distress. A highly depressing mind-setup after the disease diagnosis can lead to cognitive impairments. Cognitive impairment is the main cause of deprived psychological functioning, intellectual i ncapacities, and changes in personality(Janelsins, Kesler, Ahles, Morrow, 2014). Changes in behavioral responses may occur after disease diagnosis. Behavioral responses strongly depend on alteration in mood, loss of energy, and cognition. It is a devastating and life-altering condition for any woman to cope with breast cancer diagnosis which directly impacts behavioral responses(Berman, et al., 2014). Fatigue is gradually recognized as one of the most worrying after-effects of disease diagnosis which brings immense behavioral changes. The patients tend to complain about fatigue, depression, sleep reduction, irritability, and loss of interest in any work (Galiano-Castillo, et al., 2014). As specified by Berman, et al. (2014), patients are also more likely to show aggression, anger, uncontrolled behavior, panic attacks and substance abuse. Suicidal attitudes are the most worrying behavioral responses among breast cancer patients. Some women also show increased consumption of alcohol to cope with the illnesses. The behavioral changes are strongly existed during the initial months of the cancer diagnosis but generally, reduces over time as the patients get accustomed with the primary shock of malignancy diagnosis. Cancer diagnosis imposes several risk factors on the victims. It is a highly traumatic condition for any woman but the situation becomes worse in the case of a mother like Mary with two infants. Early-stage breast cancer can be treated by mastectomy and lumpectomy followed by radiation therapy. These breast-sparing surgeries can prevent a mother from breastfeeding which adversely impacts both the mother and her babies(Leal, Stuart, Carvalho, 2013). The common risk factors of mastectomy are the infection of the surgical site, bleeding, throbbing pain, lymphedema, numbness, and development of stiff marks at the surgical spot. Lumpectomy brings the possible side effects like breast tenderness, pain, bleeding, development of stiff marks at surgical spot and alteration in form and shape of the treated breast (Rakhra, et al., 2016). Risk factors of radiation therapies include fatigue, dermatological problems, soreness of nipple and breast etc. In the case of a lactating woman like Mary, a huge difference in milk production of the irradiated breast can occur. Invasive breast surgeries like mastectomy and lumpectomy mutilate the breast tissues which interrupts the normal drainage of breast milk (Leal, Stuart, Carvalho, 2013). Taking appropriate protective measures after disease diagnosis is vital for these women. Getting a second opinion from another oncologist about all available treatment options is very important. A second opinion not only increases a patient's self-reliance that she is getting the right cancer management but also reduces the chance of misdiagnosis. Support from the family members plays a key role in the mental stability of breast cancer patients. Consulting with a psychologist can improve patient's quality of life (Colby Shifren, 2013). Getting proper nutrition and mild exercise is essential. These patients must be restrained from alcohol consumption, smoking and excessive intake of beverages containing caffeine. Conclusion Being diagnosed with breast cancer is a transformative experience for any woman. Special attention from the family members can make a huge difference on patients mental condition and improve her view towards life. Negative emotional, behavioral responses and cognitive impairment can upset the quality of life. Consulting a psychotherapist is highlyconsidered recommended for breast cancer patients especially for women with babies. Mental health professionals can show the patients and their families various problem-solving approaches in a supportive environment. Women with breast cancer also need emotional support from the society besides their families. Emotional support and sympathy can be therapeutic for women suffering from breast cancer. References Berman, M. G., Askren, M. K., Jung, M., Therrien, B., Peltier, S., Noll, D. C., Cimprich, B. (2014). Pre-treatment worry and neurocognitive responses in women with this disease. Health psychology, 222. Colby, D. A., Shifren, K. (2013). Optimism, mental health, and quality of life: a study among victims. Psychology, health medicine, 18(1), 10-20. Galiano-Castillo, N., Ariza-Garca, A., Cantarero-Villanueva, I., Fernndez-Lao, C., Daz-Rodrguez, L., Arroyo-Morales, M. (2014). Depressed mood in this disease survivors: associations with physical activity, cancer-related fatigue, quality of life, and fitness level. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 18(2), 206-210. Janelsins, M. C., Kesler, S. R., Ahles, T. A., Morrow, G. R. (2014). Prevalence,considered mechanisms, and management of cancer-related cognitive impairment. International Review of Psychiatry, 26(1), 102-113. Leal, S. C., Stuart, S. R., Carvalho, H. D. (2013). Breast irradiation and lactation: a review. Expert review of anticancer therapy, 13(2), 159-164. Morse, J. M., Pooler, C., Vann-Ward, T., Maddox, L. J., Olausson, J. M., Roche-Dean, M., Martz, K. (2014). Awaiting diagnosis of this disease: strategies of enduring for preserving self. Oncology Nursing Forum, 41, 350-359. Rakhra, S., Bethke, K., Strauss, J., Hayes, J. P., Hansen, N., Khan, S. A., Donnelly, E. D. (2016). Risk Factors Leading to Complications in Early-Stage This disease Following Breast-Conserving Surgery and Intraoperative Radiotherapy. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 1-4. Tamagawa, R., Giese?Davis, J., Speca, M., Doll, R., Stephen, J., Carlson, L. E. (2013). Trait mindfulness, repression, suppression, and self?reported mood and stress symptoms among women with this disease. Journal of clinical psychology, 69(3), 264-277. Wang, Y., Yi, J., He, J., Chen, G., Li, L., Yang, Y., Zhu, X. (2014). Cognitive emotion regulation strategies as predictors of depressive symptoms in women newly diagnosed with this disease. Psycho?Oncology, 23(1), 93-99.