Monday, October 21, 2019
Tan vs. Tanto in Spanish
Tan vs. Tanto in Spanish Tan and tanto can be a source of confusion in Spanish because they both can used in comparisons such as as green as and as much as. But the two words, although closely related, are used in grammatically different ways and cant be substituted for each other. One way to think of the main difference between the two is that tan is used as an adverb in those constructions, while tanto is used as an adjective. For this reason, tan doesnt change with the context, while tanto can also exist in the inflected forms tanta, tantos, and tantas. Using Tan Tan basically means so, sometimes such a or as, and is used only before adjectives or adverbs (or nouns used as adjectives). Rita es tan alta como MarÃ a. (Rita is as tall as MarÃ a.)Rita habla tan rpido como MarÃ a. (Rita talks as fast as MarÃ a.) Sentences such as these are by far the most common usage of tan. The phraseÃ quÃ © tanÃ Ã¢â¬â¹can often be translated as how:Ã Ã ¿QuÃ © tan inteligente eres?Ã (How intelligent are you?) Using Tanto Tanto basically means so much or so many or, when used with como, as much or as many. Tengo tanto dinero como Juan. (I have as much money as Juan.)Tengo tanto dinero que no sÃ © quÃ © hacer con Ã ©l. (I have so much money I dont know what to do with it.) Tanto also can be used to make other kinds of comparisons and has a wide variety of colloquial uses; under some circumstances it can be used not only as an adjective but also as a noun, pronoun or adverb. A good dictionary will list at least two dozen different uses. Some examples: Tengo quince y tantos nietos. (I have 15 or so grandchildren.)No quiero estudiar tanto. (I dont want to study so much.) Tanto as a Conjunction Tanto as a fixed form is sometimes used as a conjugation, typically in a phrase that includes como. Dejar de consumir tabaco causa sÃ ntomas tanto fÃ sicos como mentales. (Quitting using tobacco causes symptoms that are as much physical as mental.)Soy consciente que tanto yo como el resto podemos dar un poco ms. (Im aware that I as much as the rest of us can give a little more.) Sample Sentences Using Tan and Tanto El troll de Facebook dice: Tan importante soy que me tienen que bloquear para ser feliz. (The Facebook troll says: I am so important that they have to block me to be happy.) MÃ ©xico est tan listo como Panam. (Mexico is as ready as Panama.) El centro de la Tierra est tan caliente como el Sol. (The center of the Earth is as hot as the sun.) Descubre quÃ © tan hombre eres con este machÃ ³metro. (Find out how much of a man you are with this macho-meter. This sentence construction, which is unusual, is an exception to the rule that tan isnt used with nouns.) Ã ¡QuÃ © tiempo tan feliz! (What a very happy time!) Voy a ser tan rica como pueda. (Im going to be as rich as I can.) Dime tu estilo de crianza y te dirÃ © quÃ © tan exitoso podrÃ a ser tu hijo. (Tell me your parenting style and Ill tell you how successful your child could be.) Ã ¿Es necesario consumir y comprar tanto para ser feliz? (Is it necessary to consume and buy so much to be happy?) Ã ¡Tengo tanto para hacer! (I have so much to do!) Nunca se vendieron tantos coches elÃ ©ctricos como en mayo. (Theyve never sold so many electric cars as in March.) Es irÃ ³nico cÃ ³mo la vida te da tanta felicidad y luego te llena de tanta tristeza. (Its ironic how life gives you so much happiness and later fills you with so much sadness.) Hay dÃ as que no quiero nada, pero necesito tanto. (There are days that I dont want anything, but I need so much.) Tanto ella como su marido recibieron la noticia con entusiasmo. (She as much as her husband enthusiastically received the news.) Tanto MÃ ©xico como Canad han buscado mayor presencia en la ONU. (Mexico as much as Canada has looked for a greater presence in the U.N.) No como tanto ella. (I dont eat as much as she.) DespuÃ ©s de tantos dÃ as perfectos, empecÃ © a creer que toda la vida serÃ a asÃ . (After so many perfect days, I began to believe that all of life would be like that.) El amor durar tanto como lo cuides, y lo cuidars tanto como lo quieras. (Love will endure as much as you nurture it, and you will nurture it as much as you want it.) Key Takeaways Both tan and tanto can be used in comparisons meaning as much as or as ____ as, but they arent interchangeable.Tan functions as an adverb, so it doesnt change form with the nouns or adjectives around it.Tanto typically functions as an adjective, so it can take other forms, namely tanta, tantos, and tantas. On those rare occasions it functions as a conjunction, however, it doesnt change form.