Thursday, May 9, 2019

Comparisons of Athenian and Spartan Governments Essay

Comparisons of Athenian and Spartan Governments - try out ExampleThere were two prominent cities in ancient Greece that possess distinct and contrasting political systems. Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city states then and their influence, especially in the field of governance, was far-flung in the region. Since the two states have different systems of government, both are worth studying and comparing for the train of deriving ideas and lessons on unexampled states should be run. Spartas government has often been construed as similar to the modern autocracy. This impression is brought about by the structure of the government itself. At the helm are the Ephors who were elected p.a. by the people. The Ephors were composed of five case-by-cases who did non belong to the royalty. They enjoyed unlimited power when it comes to executing the laws of the state. Due to the covering authority that the Ephors practiced and also because of their small number, the Spartan government whitethorn at best be considered as an oligarchy. Oligarchy literally means the rule of a few. However, it must be noted that while the Ephors may have unlimited power and while they may be on top of the governmental hierarchy, they could not actually monopolize political power for several reasons. First of all, being an Ephor is not a patrimony and it is also not a position that cardinal can held on to for life. As pointed out, in that location is a clear length of time that an individual can rule as part of a collective, which is one year. An election would be held every year, which means that an individual may no longer retain his foundation as Ephor. The thought of becoming an ordinary citizen after a year of being on troupes highest power structure might discourage an individual Ephor from committing abuses. Since the rule is collective in essence, there was already a degree of check and balance from within the ranks of the five Ephors. If the Spartans are not convenient with the way the Ephors are managing the affairs of the state or with how they are treating the citizens, they would just wait for the next elections and the individual Ephors could be subjected to removal or replacement. Under such setup, it is clear that autocracy may not be the most accurate term to describe Spartas government. An oligarchy, notwithstanding the fact that it is just for a year, may be the best description. While the Ephors controlled all the executive functions of the Spartan government, there was also the Council of Elders, which may be considered as the equivalent of the senate. The Council of Elders was composed of 28 members who are aged 60 and above. The age requirement emphatically borne out of the belief that ones life experience is reflective of his wisdom. Aside from the 28, the Council of Elders also includes the two kings who, upon the increased powers of the Ephors, have been relegated to figureheads and their only actual governmental funct ion was to become part of the Council. The Council of Elders is responsible for reservation the laws as well as deciding on important issues that affect the state and society. However, whatever determination that the Council of Elders arrive at would not be deemed as a final governmental policy unless this has been authorise by the General Assembly. The General Assembly was composed of all male citizens with ages 30 and above. This much big body, however, did not debate but only voted on the issues put before it by the Council of El

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